above

1 preposition
1 in a higher position than something: Our office is above the hairdresser's. | Raise your: arms above your head.
-see also: over 1, -opposite below1 (1)
2 more than a particular number, amount, or level: 500 feet above sea level | Tonight temperatures should be above freezing.
-opposite below 1 (2)
3 to a greater degree than someone or something else: The management has always valued hard work above good ideas. | above and beyond (=to a much greater degree): bravery above and beyond the call of duty
4 higher in rank, power, or authority: A captain is above a lieutenant.
-opposite below 1 (3)
5 louder or having a higher pitch than other sounds: You can always hear her voice above everybody else's.
6 be above (doing) sth to consider yourself so important that you do not have to do all the things that everyone else has to do: She seems to think she's above doing any housework. | politicians who think they are above the law
7 above suspicion/reproach/criticism etc so good that no one can question or criticize you
8 above all (else) used to emphasize that something is more important than the other things you have already mentioned: Max is fair, hardworking, and above all honest.
9 get above yourself to think you are better or more important than you really are
-see also: over and above over 1 (13) 2 adverb
1 in a higher place than something else: I heard a strange noise coming from the room above.
2 more than a particular number, amount, or level: Children aged 10 and above are not allowed in the learner pool.
3 higher in rank, power, or authority: officers of the rank of Major and above
4 formal used in a book, article etc to describe someone or something mentioned earlier in the same piece of writing: See above. | Write to the address given above for further information.
-opposite below 2 USAGE NOTE: ABOVE FORMALITY Above meaning `mentioned earlier' is only used in technical or official writing. In everyday writing you are more likely to put: As I said earlier... (= ...stated above) | The facts discussed before... (= ...discussed above) | Please contact me at the address I have given you (= ...at the above address) | From the last few paragraphs (= from the above paragraphs). 3 adjective
1 (only before noun) used in a book, article etc to describe someone or something mentioned earlier in the same piece of writing: For the above reasons, the management has no choice but to close the factory.
2 the above formal (singular or plural) the person or thing mentioned before in the same piece of writing: The above is the profit before tax. | All the above are asked to attend tomorrow's meeting.

Longman dictionary of contemporary English. 2004.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Above — A*bove , adv. 1. In a higher place; overhead; into or from heaven; as, the clouds above. [1913 Webster] 2. Earlier in order; higher in the same page; hence, in a foregoing page. That was said above. Dryden. [1913 Webster] 3. Higher in rank or… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • above — [ə buv′] adv. [ME above(n) < OE abūfan, onbūfan, overhead, above < on , intens. + bufan < be, BY + ufan, over, on high] 1. in, at, or to a higher place; overhead; up 2. in or to heaven 3. at a previous place (in a piece of writing):… …   English World dictionary

  • Above — A*bove , prep. [OE. above, aboven, abuffe, AS. abufon; an (or on) on + be by + ufan upward; cf. Goth. uf under. [root]199. See {Over}.] 1. In or to a higher place; higher than; on or over the upper surface; over; opposed to {below} or {beneath}.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • above — above, over are synonymous prepositions when they indicate elevation in position. They seldom imply contact between that which is higher and that which is lower; as a rule they allow an interval. Over and above differ in that over usually implies …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • above — 1 adv 1: higher on the same page or on a preceding page the discussion above 2: higher or superior in rank or authority the court above above the line: in calculations that yield adjusted gross income or profit above 2 adj: written o …   Law dictionary

  • above — ► PREPOSITION & ADVERB 1) at a higher level than. 2) in preference to. 3) (in printed text) mentioned earlier. ● above board Cf. ↑above board ● above oneself Cf. ↑ab …   English terms dictionary

  • Above — may refer to:*Relative direction *Above (artist), a graffiti artist *Above (album), an album by Mad Season *Above (Pillar album), an album by Pillar *Above Church, an English church …   Wikipedia

  • Above — Álbum de Mad Season Publicación 1995 Grabación 1994 1995 Género(s) Grunge, Blues D …   Wikipedia Español

  • above — above; above·ground; above·proof; above·board; above·stairs; …   English syllables

  • Above — Album par Mad Season Sortie 15 mars 1995 Enregistrement 1994 aux Bad Animals Studios, Seattle Durée 55:36 Genre Grunge …   Wikipédia en Français

  • above — [prep1] higher in position aloft, atop, beyond, high, on high, on top of, over, overhead, raised, superior, upon; concept 752 Ant. below, under above [prep2] more, higher in amount, degree beyond, exceeding, greater than, larger than, over;… …   New thesaurus

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